The most commonly used type of adoption for American infants both in Minnesota and the United States, Independent Adoption allows the parental rights to the child to transfer directly from the birth parent(s) to the adoptive parents. Sometimes called private or direct placement adoption, it allows birth and adoptive parents to decide how they want their adoption to go.
Adoptive parents do not have to meet any special criteria (such as being under 40 years old, being of a certain religion, not having other children, etc.) to adopt. They do have to complete a homestudy by a licensed adoption agency, a requirement of state law.
For birth mothers there is no requirement that the birth father be involved if she is afraid of him, doesn’t know who he is or can’t find him. Birth mothers must fill out a Social and Medical Background form which is approved by the state.
An Independent Adoption may be open with contact between the birth and adoptive parents. Future contact is also possible, sometimes by a simple written agreement between the birth and adoptive parents and sometimes by a court order.
For more information about birth mother rights and birth father rights, please click here.